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|Psychiatry of whiplash neck injury - den 3 april 2004 kl 07:59|
The psychiatric outcome of whiplash neck injury is controversial.
To describe outcomes and predictors as compared with other types of road accident injury.
Consecutive emergency department attenders (n=1148; whiplash 278) assessed by self-report at baseline, 3 months, 1 year and 3 years.
Moderate to severe pain was reported by 27% of whiplash sufferers at 1 year and by 30% at 3 years. Psychiatric consequences were common and persistent. Whiplash victims and those with bony injury were more likely to seek compensation. Accident and early post-accident psychosocial variables predicted the pain at 1 year. Claiming compensation at 3 months predicted the pain at 1 year for those with whiplash or bony injury.
There is no special psychiatry of whiplash neck injury. Psychological variables and consequences are important following whiplash in a similar manner to other types of injury.